Wrinkles are creases, folds or ridges in the skin. The first wrinkles to appear on our face tend to occur as a result of facial expressions. Sun damage, smoking, dehydration, some medications, as well as a number of other factors may also cause wrinkles to develop.

what causes wrinkles

INFOGRAPHIC:
what causes wrinkles

Smoking
Smoking accelerates the aging of skin. It reduces blood supply to the skin

Light Skin = Sun Damage?
People with light skin are prone to sun damage, which accelerates wrinkle development. To help prevent them, stay out of the sun between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., and make it a habit to wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a SPF 30 every day, even in the winter and when it’s cloudy. Wear a large brimmed hat and cover exposed skin with clothing, such as a long-sleeved shirt and pants.

Genetics
Wrinkle development is hereditary. If parents developed their wrinkles earlier in life, then their children will have them earlier too.

Facial Expressions
Expressive people who tend to smile, frown, and squint more will often develop fine lines and wrinkles earlier. Older people who do these facial expressions develop wrinkles because the surface of the skin loses its flexibility to spring it back.

Poor Nutrition
Nutritional deficiencies are believed to contribute to skin aging.

Gender
Women tend to develop more wrinkles around their mouths than men do because women have fewer sweat glands and glands that secrete an oily matter known as sebum (sebaceous glands) to lubricate the skin and fewer blood vessels in this area.

Hair Styles
Some hairstyles provide more shade for the face than others.

Jobs and Leisure Activities
People whose jobs are exposed to sunlight develop more wrinkles than others. Examples include fishermen, sailors, and golfers.

Sleeping Positions
Sleep position-induced wrinkles are a result of repetitive pressure on the face.

Too Much Sugar
The more sugar a person eats, the more AGEs they develop. The harmful new molecules called advaned glycation end products or AGEs damages the protein fiber that keep skin firm and elastic leading to wrinkles and sagging.

The good news about sugar-damaged skin: It’s never too late to turn back the clock. One way is to build new collagen with products that contain retinoids – look for retinol in OTC serums and lotions or prescription creams such as Renova, Avage, and Differin. To keep this new collagen supple, prevent AGEs from forming by taking steps to minimize the damage sugar causes to your skin.

Clothing
Wearing hats and long sleeves, which cover a person’s skin, will have wrinkles later in their life compared to others.