Cholesterol is needed by the body to build healthy cells. But when taken in excess, it can lead to higher risks of heart disease. Excess cholesterol may accumulate in the veins and arteries of your heart. This can cause heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, and stroke.
The main cause of high cholesterol comes from the food that we eat. Eating food containing high amounts of trans fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol is one of the major causes of high cholesterol. Trans fat is found in processed foods while saturated fat is present in butter, cheese, and other dairy products.
Blame Your Bad Genes
For some people, high cholesterol is inevitable due to their genes. There is a disease known as familial hypercholesterolemia that causes increased cholesterol levels even at a young age.
Usually, people who have familial hypercholesterolemia can see effects of cholesterol on their skin. Lumps and bumps are the common effects of high cholesterol on the skin known as xanthomas. People with high triglyceride levels will also notice rashes or lumps on their stomach, legs, back, and arms. These symptoms are usually first noticed by dermatologists who then ask their patients to consult a lipid specialist.
Another type of cholesterol-related disease is called familial dysbetalipoproteinemia which results in yellowish discoloration in the palms. These cases are relatively uncommon. Most of the time, high cholesterol levels is not manifested on the skin. If you notice lumps or yellow bumps on your skin, seek the advice of your doctor.
You can prevent complications of high cholesterol levels by closely monitoring your cholesterol levels. Regular exercise can support the lowering of cholesterol, coupled with a healthy balanced diet.